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Paulinus, St

Paulinus, St (d. 644). First bishop of the Northumbrians. A Roman monk, tall, dark, thin-faced with an aquiline nose, according to Bede one of Mellitus' party sent in 601 by Pope Gregory I to help Augustine in Kent. He was consecrated by Justus, apparently on 21 July 625, to accompany the Princess Æthelburg to Northumbria to marry Edwin, but the dating is controversial. Paulinus may have met Edwin previously, at the court of Raedwald of East Anglia, and baptized him at York, his episcopal seat, in 627. He preached at Yeavering, Catterick, Lincoln (where he consecrated Honorius to succeed Archbishop Justus), and elsewhere, and introduced the building of churches in stone. After Edwin's death (633) at Heathfield Chase, Paulinus fled to Kent and took up the see of Rochester, where he was buried in the church of St Andrew.

A. E. Redgate

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Paulinus

Paulinus or Suetonius Paulinus (Caius Suetonius Paulinus) (swētō´nēəs pôlī´nəs), d. after AD 69, Roman general. Under Claudius I he was stationed (AD 42) in Mauretania, and he advanced inland past the Atlas Mts. In AD 59 he had the command in Britain. While on a campaign to reduce the druid stronghold of Mona (Anglesey), in AD 61, he was recalled to S Britain by the uprising of Boadicea, who defeated the ninth legion and took Verulamium (St. Albans) and Londinium (London). Paulinus suppressed the revolt. After Nero's death he led the troops of Otho against Vitellius, but the victorious Vitellius pardoned him (AD 69).

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Paulinus, Saint

Saint Paulinus (pôlī´nəs), d. 644, Italian missionary, bishop of York (625–33). He was a Roman monk who went to England with the mission of St. Augustine of Canterbury in 601. For some years he worked in Kent, then went as archbishop to Northumbria. Paulinus succeeded temporarily in converting Northumbria and Lindsey; he was forced to flee to Rochester when paganism returned with King Penda after King Edwin's death. He is sometimes considered the first archbishop of York.

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