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Honorius

Honorius, 384–423, Roman emperor of the West (395–423). On the death (395) of Theodosius I, the Roman Empire was divided; Arcadius, the elder son, received the East, and Honorius, the younger son, received the West. This division proved to be a permanent one. The general Stilicho, as guardian of Honorius, at first controlled the government of the West and defended the empire against the Visigoths. Honorius married (398) Stilicho's daughter, but in 408, influenced by a malicious favorite, Honorius ordered the execution of his general. Alaric I, king of the Visigoths, invaded Italy again in 409 and installed a puppet ruler at Rome, while Honorius remained at Ravenna. Negotiations with Alaric were mishandled by Honorius; infuriated, Alaric stormed and sacked Rome in 410. Alaric's death left Ataulf in command of the Visigoths, who then left Italy to invade Gaul. In 412, Honorius made peace with Ataulf, whom he reluctantly accepted (414) as husband for his sister Galla Placidia. A rival emperor, Constantine, was defeated (411) by Honorius' general Constantius, who soon exercised the actual power and who married (417) the widowed Galla Placidia. In 421, Honorius was obliged to accept Constantius as joint emperor (see Constantius III), but Constantius died in the same year. Honorius died two years later; after a usurper was put down by forces from the East, the son of Galla Placidia and Constantius became (425) emperor as Valentinian III. The weak reign of Honorius marked an important stage in the decline of the Western Empire.

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Honorius

Honorius (d. 653). Archbishop of Canterbury. Honorius was the fifth and last of the archbishops to be appointed from the missionaries dispatched to convert the Anglo-Saxons by Pope Gregory the Great. Little is known of Honorius' activities, but Bede reproduced a letter sent to him by Pope Honorius after his appointment and recorded support he provided for the evangelization of the East Angles. Following his death in 653 there was an interregnum of eighteen months before the appointment of the West Saxon Deusdedit. Honorius was buried at Canterbury and subsequently revered as a saint.

Barbara Yorke

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