A second (probably legendary) story says that he ran from Athens to Marathon to take part in the battle, and then returned with news of the victory to Athens, making the announcement with the dying words, ‘Greetings, we win!’ This story is the basis of the modern marathon race.
"Pheidippides." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pheidippides
"Pheidippides." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved May 27, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pheidippides
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Pheidippides (fīdĬp´Ĭdēz), fl. 490 BC, semilegendary Athenian courier sent to Sparta to request help when the Persians landed at Marathon. He ran 150 miles in two days. At the conclusion of the battle, he ran the 22 mi (35 km) back to Athens, where he reportedly shouted "Rejoice! We conquer!" and then died of exhaustion.
"Pheidippides." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pheidippides
"Pheidippides." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 27, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pheidippides