Casual Friday, also called Dress Down Day, Casual Dress Day, and Business Casual Day, is a loosening of the business world's unwritten dress codes on designated days. Employees trade suits, ties, high heels, silk shirts, scarves, and other formal business attire for slacks, sports coats, polo shirts, pressed jeans, loafers, knit tunics, and flat-heeled shoes. Casual days arose in the mid-1980s influenced by the jeans-T-shirt-sneakers uniform of the computer industry, as well as increased numbers of women in the workplace and work-at-home employees. The concept caught on in the early 1990s and, fueled partly by Levi Strauss's marketing, by the mid-1990s had become a corporate institution. By the late 1990s, employees below middle management in one third of U.S companies had gone casual five days a week, according to an Evans Research Associates survey.
Bureau of National Affairs. Dress Policies and Casual Dress Days. PPF Survey no. 155. Washington, D.C., Bureau of National Affairs, 1998.
Gross, Kim Johnson, and Jeff Stone and Robert Tardio. Work Clothes—Casual Dress for Serious Work. Photographs by J. Scott Omelianuk. New York, Knopf, 1996.
Himelstein, Linda, and Nancy Walser. "Levi's vs. The Dress Code."Business Week. April 1, 1996, 57-58.
Levi-Strauss & Company. How to Put Casual Businesswear to Work. Version four. San Francisco, California, Levi-Strauss & Co. Consumer Affairs, 1998.
Molloy, John T. "Casual Business Dress." New Women's Dress for Success. New York, Warner Books, 1996, 209-249.
Savan, Leslie. "The Sell." The Village Voice. April 16, 1996, 16-17.
Weber, Mark. Dress Casual for Success … for Men. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1997.
"Casual Friday." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/media/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/casual-friday
"Casual Friday." St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/media/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/casual-friday
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.