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ophicleide

ophicleide (ŏf´Ĭklīd) [Gr.,=serpent with keys], brass wind musical instrument of relatively wide conical bore, largest of the keyed bugles; invented in 1817 by Jean-Hilaire Asté of Paris. It had from 8 to 11 keys and a full, loud tone; since its intonation was deficient, however, it was soon displaced in the orchestra by the bass tuba. Many composers scored for it before the tuba was available.

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ophicleide

ophicleide.
1. Obsolete keyed brass instr. of conical bore and played with cup mouthpiece. Was a development of the serpent and existed in alto, bass, and double-bass sizes, but only the bass was much used. Was used in military bands and is also incl. in early scores of Mendelssohn, Berlioz, Verdi, and Wagner. Superseded by the bass tuba.

2. org. stop like tuba.

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ophicleide

ophicleide musical wind-instrument developed from the ancient ‘serpent’. XIX. — F. ophicléïde, f. Gr. óphis serpent (see next) + kleís, kleid- key, rel. to L. clāvis (see CLEF).

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