-ESE. A suffix added to nouns and adjectives. Its primary use is the identification of nationalities, languages, and the like, as in Chinese, Congolese, Japanese, Javanese, Viennese, Vietnamese, but a significant secondary use is the labelling of styles or registers of English. The primary use is neutral, but the secondary use is often pejorative, associated with individuals whose STYLE is distinctive and idiosyncratic (Carlylese, Johnsonese), groups whose stylistic tendencies are seen as undesirable (academese, BUREAUCRATESE), language varieties considered deficient or peculiar (BROOKLYNESE, Pentagonese), and the media and technology (cablese, COMPUTERESE). Nonce and stunt creations are common, such as UNese, a diplomatic style said to be used in the United Nations Organization. See COMMERCIALESE, HEADLINE, JOURNALESE, LEGALESE, OFFICIALESE, SOCIOLOGESE. Compare -ISM, LINGO, -SPEAK.
-ese suffix repr. OF. -eis (mod. -ois, -ais) — L. -ēnsis, -ēns-, which meant ‘belonging to, originating in (a place)’, as hortēnsis, f. hortus garden, prātēnsis, f. prātum meadow, and in many adjs. of local names, as Athēniēnsis Athenian, f. Athēnæ Athens. As a living suffix it forms derivs. of names of countries, as Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese (F. chinois, japonais, portugais) and from some names of foreign towns, as Cantonese, Viennese. Such adjs. are used sb. as names of languages or as designations of peoples.
More From encyclopedia.com
Japanese , Japanese (jăp´ənēz´), language of uncertain origin that is spoken by more than 125 million people, most of whom live in Japan. There are also many sp… Chinese , Chinese, subfamily of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages (see Sino-Tibetan languages), which is also sometimes grouped with the Tai, or Thai, langu… Vernacular , ver·nac·u·lar / vərˈnakyələr/ • n. 1. (usu. the vernacular) the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region:… Sino-tibetan Languages , Sino-Tibetan languages Sino-Tibetan languages, family of languages spoken by over a billion people in central and SE Asia. This linguistic family is… Chinoiserie , chinoiserie •beery, bleary, cheery, dearie, dreary, Dun Laoghaire, eerie, eyrie (US aerie), Kashmiri, leery, peri, praemunire, query, smeary, teary,… Pidgin , PIDGIN A term used in both a general and a technical sense for a CONTACT LANGUAGE which draws on elements from two or more languages: pidgin Portugue…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic