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-fication repr., through F. -fication, L. -ficātiō, -ōn-, formative of nouns of action (see -ATION) from vbs. in -ficāre -FY. Many L. words with this suffix were adopted in OF. with their corr. vbs. in -fier, and from XIV such sbs. have been freely adopted in Eng., e.g. edification, mortification, purification, sanctification; and -fication is established as the gen. ending for nouns of action related to verbs in -fy, except such as repr. L. vbs. in -facere (cf. -FACTION). Formations not based on L. types are exemplified by beautification (XVII), Frenchification, jollification (XVIII), transmogrification (XVII).