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Doultonware

Doultonware. High-fired vitrified non-porous salt-glazed ceramic made of a hard grey-brown material (stoneware) on which designs were drawn, a part or the whole then being richly coloured. Produced in the Doulton Works, Lambeth, London, founded by John Doulton (1793–1873), it was invented and patented by Sir Henry Doulton (1820–97), and exhibited in 1871 as sgraffito-ware. He then developed Lambeth faïence (brightly coloured glazed blocks) and Doulton impasto (glazed earthenware, the colour applied thickly). Both products were used for festive façades, such as the fronts of public-houses, bar-fronts, and the like. Hardwearing and easily washed, Doultonware's heyday was the late C19 to c.1914.

Bibliography

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (1917)

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Doulton ware

Doulton ware (dōl´tən), English pottery produced at Lambeth after 1815, first by John Doulton and his partners, then by his descendants. It won the medal at the Exhibition of 1851 and more than 200 subsequent awards for the perfection of the various products and the beauty of their decoration by skilled artists who signed their work. It includes brown stoneware with graffito or scratched designs; other salt-glaze pieces with black, brown, blue, bronze, green, gray, or white bodies; faience; impasto; and Carrara. Sculptured terra-cotta plaques by George Tinworth won additional fame for Doulton ware. Its factories became the Royal Doulton Potteries.

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