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crypt

crypt.
1. Large vaulted chamber (croft, croud, croude, crowd, crowde, shroud, or undercroft) beneath a church, wholly or partly underground, usually under the chancel, often divided into nave, aisles, and chapels, equipped with altars, and used for religious services and burials beneath the floor. They often had some degree of natural light, and were generally bigger than a confessio, though very small crypts, such as the Anglo-Saxon example at Hexham (C7) were little more than Relic-chambers. Ring-crypts were semicircular crypts inside and below an apse, originating with the basilica of San Pietro, Rome, in c.590: outer ring-crypts (called ambulatories) were characteristic of the Carolingian and Ottonian periods, but a very early example, pre-dating those on the Continent, existed at All Saints Church, Brixworth, Northants. (c. C8 or later).

2. Burial-chamber.

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crypt

crypt (krĬpt) [Gr.,=hidden], vault or chamber beneath the main level of a church, used as a meeting place or burial place. It undoubtedly developed from the catacombs used by early Christians as places of worship. Early churches were commonly built over the tombs of martyrs. Such vaults, located beneath the main altar, developed into the extensive crypts of the Middle Ages that in many churches of the 11th and 12th cent. occupied the entire space beneath the sanctuary. At Canterbury the 12th-century crypt forms a large and complete lower church in itself. The crypt of the Rochester Cathedral is partly above ground. The cathedrals at Chartres and at Bourges have crypts typical of the Gothic development.

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crypt

crypt / kript/ • n. 1. an underground room or vault beneath a church, used as a chapel or burial place. 2. Anat. a small tubular gland, pit, or recess.

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crypt

crypt (kript) n. a small sac, follicle, or cavity; for example, the crypts of Lieberkühn (see Lieberkühn's glands).

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crypt

crypt XVIII. — L. crypta — Gr. krúptē vault, sb. use of fem. of kruptós hidden. Cf. GROT.

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crypt

cryptadapt, apt, enrapt, rapt, unmapped, untapped •periapt • snow-capped •accept, crept, except, incept, inept, intercept, kept, leapt, overleaped, sept, slept, swept, upswept, wept, yclept •adept • housekept • transept •precept • concept • percept •rainswept • windswept • undraped •pearshaped •conscript, crypt, encrypt, harelipped, hipped, script, unequipped, unwhipped •Egypt • eucalypt • transcript •nondescript • typescript • manuscript •subscript •adopt, co-opt, Copt, opt •unhoped •abrupt, corrupt, disrupt, erupt, interrupt, irrupt •bankrupt •underdeveloped, undeveloped •excerpt • sculpt

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