Skip to main content

Veintemilla, José Ignacio de (1828–1908)

Veintemilla, José Ignacio de (1828–1908)

José Ignacio de Veintemilla (also spelled Veintimilla; b. 31 July 1828; d. 19 July 1908), president of Ecuador (1878–1883). Born in Quito, Veintemilla studied at the Military College and was commissioned second lieutenant in 1847. He rose rapidly through the ranks, partly through involvement in politics, and became brigadier general in 1866. Under President Jerónimo Carrión (1865–1867) he became minister of war. After narrowly escaping execution by President García Moreno in 1869, he fled into exile.

Veintemilla returned from exile in 1875, ostensibly to support the liberal administration of President Antonio Borrero. However, with support from coastal liberals, he seized power in 1876 and arranged his own election in 1878. His presidency was plagued by great tension and violence between liberals and clerical conservatives, provoked in part by the government's suspension of the ultramontane concordat and by the mysterious poisoning of the archbishop of Quito.

Veintemilla claimed credit for reopening the University of Quito, providing free elementary schools, promoting railroad construction, and maintaining prudent neutrality during the War of the Pacific. He governed arbitrarily and in 1882 sought to perpetuate his rule through dictatorship, but he was forced from office and exiled the next year.

See alsoGarcia Moreno, Gabriel; War of the Pacific.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Frank Macdonald Spindler, Nineteenth-Century Ecuador. An Historical Introduction (1987), esp. pp. 98-129.

Juan Murillo M., Historia del Ecuador de 1876 a 1888 (1946), esp. pp. 86-286.

Luis Robalino Dávila, Borrero y Veintemilla, 2 vols. (1966).

Additional Bibliography

Febres Cordero, Francisco. De Flores a flores y miel. Quito, Ecuador: Ojo de Pez, 1996.

                                        Mark J. Van Aken

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Veintemilla, José Ignacio de (1828–1908)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Veintemilla, José Ignacio de (1828–1908)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/veintemilla-jose-ignacio-de-1828-1908

"Veintemilla, José Ignacio de (1828–1908)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/veintemilla-jose-ignacio-de-1828-1908

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.