Vandor, Augusto Timoteo (1923–1969)
Vandor, Augusto Timoteo (1923–1969)
This Argentine union leader and politician was a former officer in the Navy and a worker in the Buenos Aires metallurgical industry, who made a name for himself as a union leader beginning in the 1950s. When Juan Domingo Perón was unseated in 1955, the General Workers Union (Central General de Trabajadores) was taken over and Vandor was sent to prison for six months.
Vandor consolidated his position as the principal leader of the powerful Metal Workers Union (Unión Obrera Metalúrgica—UOM) during the presidency of Arturo Frondizi (1958–1962) and took part in the Peronist Resistance. But he gradually distanced himself from Perón because he believed that Perón's leadership from exile compromised the unions too much. Vandor tried to make the union movement into a political power that would recognize Perón as its leader while having as much independence as possible. He challenged Perón unsuccessfully in the restricted elections (Peronism was unable to compete entirely freely) during the administration of Arturo Illia (1963–1966) and then openly backed Juan Carlos Onganía's coup d'état in 1966. All this created a crisis within union leadership that resulted in successive divisions of the labor movement. In 1968, the moderate Azopardo CGT (General Labor Confederation), led by Vandor, focused on talks with the military dictatorship without ever abandoning the option of controlled measures of force. Meanwhile, the Argentines' CGT, led by Raimundo Ongaro, adopted a tough, combative stance.
Peronist political and union sectors were already viewing Vandor as a traitor to Peronist precepts and an obstacle to Perón's return to Argentina, and Perón made known his distrust of Vandor. On June 30, 1969, Vandor was assassinated in his union office. The crime was never fully solved, but the perpetrators belonged to some Peronist factions that saw danger in Vandor's actions as a union leader.
Abós, Álvaro. Cinco balas para Augusto Vandor. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana, 2005.
Cavarozzi, Marcelo. Autoritarismo y democracia, 1955–1996. La transición del Estado al mercado en la Argentina. Buenos Aires: Ariel, 1997.
O'Donnell, Guillermo. El Estado burocrático autoritario. Buenos Aires: Editorial de Belgrano, 1982.
"Vandor, Augusto Timoteo (1923–1969)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vandor-augusto-timoteo-1923-1969
"Vandor, Augusto Timoteo (1923–1969)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vandor-augusto-timoteo-1923-1969
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.