Tripoli Conference (1977)

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Conference of Arab leaders in Tripoli, Libya.

The Tripoli Conference was convened 2 December 1977 in response to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's trip to Jerusalem the previous month. It established the Steadfastness and Confrontation Front to oppose Sadat's peace initiative toward Israel. The front was joined by all of the attending heads of state, from Libya, Syria, Algeria, and South Yemen, and by leaders of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) factions.

Iraq, which sent a minor delegate, refused to join. On 5 December, Sadat broke diplomatic relations with all countries that attended the conference. A second result of the conference was the brief reunion of feuding PLO factions under Syria's sponsorship.


Cobban, Helena. The Palestinian Liberation Organisation: People, Power, and Politics. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

elizabeth thompson