Suleiman, Mulay

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Alawi sultan of Morocco, 17921822.

Heir to the badly divided government of his brother and predecessor, Mulay Yazid (ruled 17901792), Suleiman also faced provincial unrest and a weakened tax base. He brought much of coastal and central Morocco under makhzan control, although his capture and subsequent release by Berber forces in the central Atlas mountains in 1819 underscored the limits of the crown's control over large provinces of Morocco. Suleiman is also known for his bid to suppress popular Sufism and other local socioreligious activities. In the face of growing European pressures, Suleiman adopted a generally hostile and insular stance.

see also alawi; sufism and the sufi orders.


Burke, Edmund, III. Prelude to Protectorate in Morocco: Precolonial Protest and Resistance, 18601912. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1976.

Pennell, C. R. Morocco since 1830: A History. New York: New York University Press, 2000.

matthew s. gordon