Michel Suleiman (mēshĕl´ sōōlāmän´, slā´män), 1948–, Lebanese army officer, president of Lebanon (2008–14). He joined the army in 1967, graduated from Lebanon's military academy in 1970, and rose through the officer ranks. An infantry commander (1993–98), he was appointed army commander in 1998 and, heading the army for a decade, kept the military united and neutral during the political turmoil and sectarian violence in Lebanon from 2005 to 2008. Suleiman also gained prominence during the army's successful battle with Islamist militants in N Lebanon in 2007. After a standoff between feuding political factions that left the presidency vacant for six months, Suleiman was elected to the office by parliament in May, 2008.
"Suleiman, Michel." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/suleiman-michel
"Suleiman, Michel." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/suleiman-michel
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.