Seoane, Manuel (1900–1963)
Seoane, Manuel (1900–1963)
Manuel Seoane (b. 1900; d. 10 September 1963), Peruvian journalist, author, and politician, one of the most conspicuous leaders of the Aprista Party. Born in Lima, Seoane was educated in a Jesuit school and at San Marcos University. In 1922 he was elected vice president of the Student Federation led by Víctor Raúl Haya De La Torre. In 1924, President Augusto B. Leguía deported Seoane to Buenos Aires, where he engaged in journalism. After the fall of Leguía, Seoane returned to Lima to found the newspaper La Tribuna and to activate the Aprista political campaign for the 1931 elections. Elected deputy for the Constituent Assembly, he was forced into exile by President Luis M. Sánchez Cerro in 1932.
Seoane lived mostly in exile until 1945, when he was elected senator for Lima and vice president of the Chamber of Senators. General Manuel Odría exiled him again after the 1948 coup against President Bus-tamante y Rivero, who had governed with initial Aprista support. Although Seoane criticized Haya on several ideological and political points in 1954 and 1957, he participated once more as first vice-presidential candidate in the nullified elections of 1962. Retired from politics, he died in Washington, D.C., while working for the Alliance for Progress.
Manuel Seoane, Nuestros fines (1931).
Frederick Pike, The Politics of the Miraculous in Peru: Haya de la Torre and the Spiritualist Tradition (1986).
Castro Contreras, Jaime. Violencia política y subversión en el Perú, 1924–1965. Lima: Editorial "San Marcos," 1992.
Alfonso W. Quiroz
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