Pelucones (literally "big wigs"), a term first regularly attached to Chilean Conservatives in the 1820s, though it was apparently used earlier, by José Miguel Carrera (1785–1821) and his brothers, to describe the moderate politicians who opposed them in 1811. The expression referred to the Conservatives' use of the large powdered wigs fashionable in later colonial times: These were no longer in use among their Liberal adversaries. Although often applied indiscriminately to nineteenth-century Chilean Conservatives (even at the time), it has the more precise connotation of "traditional" conservative, that is, a proclerical conservative of an old family. Alberto Edwards (1873–1932), writer and politician, sometimes described himself as "the last pelucón."
Collier, Simon, and William F. Sater. A History of Chile, 1808–2002. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Stuven, Ana María. La seducción de un orden: Las elites y la construcción de Chile en las polémicas culturales y políticas del siglo XIX. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile, 2000.