The term paulistas refers to inhabitants of the south-central Brazilian state of São Paulo. Bandeirantes, referring to the explorers, slave hunters, and gold seekers of seventeenth-century Brazil's westward expansion, can be used as a synonym. Paulistanos refers to inhabitants of the city of São Paulo, capital of the state.
The prominent historical role of the two São Paulos, as the home of the bandeirantes, the center of political power in nineteenth century Brazil, and the dynamo of the economy in the twentieth century, has fostered an intense regional pride signified by these descriptions. As the city has grown, paulistanos use the terms to distinguish what they see as the relative provincialism and slower pace of the inhabitants of the interior from the cosmopolitanism and hard-driving economy and culture of the city.
See alsoBandeiras .
Richard M. Morse, From Community to Metropolis: A Biography of São Paulo. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1958.
Clodomir Vianna Moog, Bandeirantes and Pioneers, translated by L. L. Barrett. New York: G. Braziller, 1964, which compares the United States and Brazil; Richard M. Morse, The Bandeirantes: The Historical Role of the Brazilian Pathfinders. New York: Knopf, 1974.
Joseph L. Love, São Paulo in the Brazilian Federation, 1889–1937. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1980.
Bittencourt, Circe Maria Fernandes. Patria, civilizacão e trabahlo: O ensino de historía nas escolas paulistas (1917–1939.) São Paulo: Edicões Loyola, 1990.
Setubal, Maria Alice. Modos de vida dos paulistas: Identidades, famílias e espacos domésticos. São Paulo: CENE-PEC, Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas em Educacão, Cultura e Acão Comunitária: Imprensa Oficial do Estado, 2004.
Trigo, Maria Helena Bueno. Os paulistas de quatrocentos anos: Ser e parecer. São Paulo: Annablume, 2001.