Ogé, Jacques Vicente (1755–1791)

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Ogé, Jacques Vicente (1755–1791)

Jacques Vicente Ogé (b. 1755; d. 25 February 1791), Haitian revolutionary. Ogé, a coffee merchant and owner of half a plantation in the northern parish of Dondon, was in Paris when the French Revolution broke out. The leader of the free mulattoes who fought for the civil rights of the gens de couleur (people of color), he was a vociferous member of Les Amis des Noirs.

When Ogé's requests for funds for the Haitian revolutionaries were rejected by the French, he turned to the British abolitionist Thomas Clarkson, who arranged for cash and letters of credit to be used to buy arms and ammunition in the United States. His forces landed on Haiti on 21 October 1790. After their defeat, Ogé fled to the Spanish part of the island. He was captured by the Spanish authorities and extradited by the French, who subsequently executed him.

See alsoHaiti .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Cyril L. R. James, The Black Jacobins (1963), is a classic study. More recent works are Robert D. Heinl, Jr., and Nancy G. Heinl, Written in Blood: The Story of the Haitian People (1978).

Michel-Rolph Trouillot, Haiti: State Against Nation (1990).

Additional Bibliography

King, Stewart R. Blue Coat or Powdered Wig: Free People of Color in Pre-Revolutionary Saint Domingue. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001.

Nicholls, David. From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour, and National Independence in Haiti. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1996.

                                          DariÉn Davis