Skip to main content

Ogé, Jacques Vicente (1755–1791)

Ogé, Jacques Vicente (1755–1791)

Jacques Vicente Ogé (b. 1755; d. 25 February 1791), Haitian revolutionary. Ogé, a coffee merchant and owner of half a plantation in the northern parish of Dondon, was in Paris when the French Revolution broke out. The leader of the free mulattoes who fought for the civil rights of the gens de couleur (people of color), he was a vociferous member of Les Amis des Noirs.

When Ogé's requests for funds for the Haitian revolutionaries were rejected by the French, he turned to the British abolitionist Thomas Clarkson, who arranged for cash and letters of credit to be used to buy arms and ammunition in the United States. His forces landed on Haiti on 21 October 1790. After their defeat, Ogé fled to the Spanish part of the island. He was captured by the Spanish authorities and extradited by the French, who subsequently executed him.

See alsoHaiti .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Cyril L. R. James, The Black Jacobins (1963), is a classic study. More recent works are Robert D. Heinl, Jr., and Nancy G. Heinl, Written in Blood: The Story of the Haitian People (1978).

Michel-Rolph Trouillot, Haiti: State Against Nation (1990).

Additional Bibliography

King, Stewart R. Blue Coat or Powdered Wig: Free People of Color in Pre-Revolutionary Saint Domingue. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001.

Nicholls, David. From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour, and National Independence in Haiti. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1996.

                                          DariÉn Davis

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ogé, Jacques Vicente (1755–1791)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Apr. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ogé, Jacques Vicente (1755–1791)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/oge-jacques-vicente-1755-1791

"Ogé, Jacques Vicente (1755–1791)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved April 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/oge-jacques-vicente-1755-1791

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.