National Social Mobilization Support System (SINAMOS)

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National Social Mobilization Support System (SINAMOS)

The National Social Mobilization Support System (Sistema Nacional de Apoyo a la Mobilización Nacional, or SINAMOS) was an organization created by Peru's military government (1968–1980) in 1971 to stimulate grass roots organizations and support for the regime. From the outset it was divided between those who sought central control and those who supported autonomous, local citizen participation. At its peak it had a national office, ten regional offices, and seventy zonal offices around the country with over 4,000 employees, mostly university-educated social scientists. As the reform momentum of the military government waned in the mid-1970s, local offices became targets for protesters and several were burned down. SINAMOS ceased to function in 1978.


John A. Booth and Mitchell A. Seligson, eds., Political Participation in Latin America, vol. 1 (1978), pp. 189-208.

Cynthia McClintock and Abraham F. Lowenthal, eds., The Peruvian Experiment Reconsidered (1983), pp. 275-308.

Additional Bibliography

Dietz, Henry A. Urban Poverty, Political Participation, and the State: Lima, 1970–1990. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1998.

Kruijt, Dirk. Revolution by Decree: Peru, 1968–1975. Amsterdam: Thela Publishers, 1994.

Martín Sánchez, Juan. La revolución peruana: Ideología y práctica política de un gobierno militar, 1968–1975. Sevilla: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos: Universidad de Sevilla: Diputación de Sevilla, 2002.

Riofrío, Gustavo. Habilitación urbana con participación popular: Tres casos en Lima, Perú. Eschborn: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, 1986.

                                   David Scott Palmer

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National Social Mobilization Support System (SINAMOS)

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National Social Mobilization Support System (SINAMOS)