Skip to main content

Medeiros da Fonseca, Romy Martins (1921–)

Medeiros da Fonseca, Romy Martins (1921–)

Romy Martins Medeiros da Fonseca (b. 30 June 1921), Brazilian women's rights activist. Daughter of José Gomes Leite da Fonseca and Climéria da Fonseca Martins, Medeiros da Fonseca was born in Rio de Janeiro. She married the jurist and law professor Arnoldo Medeiros da Fonseca, with whom she had two children. A graduate of the law school at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Romy Medeiros served as counselor to the State Council on the Rights of Women and has been a leader of the Brazilian Lawyers' Organization (OAB). In addition, she has served as president of the National Council of Brazilian Women (CNMB), an organization founded by Jeronyma Mesquita, a pioneer for women's suffrage.

Medeiros was a coauthor of the Married Woman's Statute, a law that defined social and family rights and supplanted civil code stipulations, which considered married women as "relatively incompetent." In 1972, she organized the First Congress of Women, in which national and international participants debated women's roles in political development. She has served as Brazil's delegate to the Inter-American Commission for Women at the Organization of American States and has been a formal and informal presidential adviser on women's issues since 1947. As a stalwart defender of women's rights, Romy Medeiros has long promoted women's integration into the country's military services and was instrumental in the passage of Brazil's divorce statute. She also published articles and books on women's issues, including Justiça social e aborto (1982) and A Condiçao femenina (1988.)

See alsoBrazil, Liberal Movements; Feminism and Feminist Organizations.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Additional Bibliography

Duquette, Michel. Collective Action and Radicalism in Brazil: Women, Urban Housing, and Rural Movements. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Hahner, Judith Edith. Emancipating the Female Sex: The Struggle for Women's Rights in Brazil, 1850–1940. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1990.

Muraro, Rose Marie. Memórias das mulheres do exílio: Obra colectiva. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Paz e Terra, 1980.

                                     IÊda Siqueira Wiarda

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Medeiros da Fonseca, Romy Martins (1921–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Medeiros da Fonseca, Romy Martins (1921–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/medeiros-da-fonseca-romy-martins-1921

"Medeiros da Fonseca, Romy Martins (1921–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/medeiros-da-fonseca-romy-martins-1921

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.