Skip to main content

Majano, Adolfo Arnoldo (1938–)

Majano, Adolfo Arnoldo (1938–)

Adolfo Arnoldo Majano (b. 1938), Salvadoran army officer and member of the provisional junta (1979–1980). Majano was briefly the most visible representative of reformist forces within El Salvador's officer corps. A participant in the coup d'état that overthrew the regime of Carlos Humberto Romero on 15 October 1979, Majano later served as one of two military members on the junta that replaced him. Considered honest and progressive, Majano supported the junta's reforms and urged greater respect for human rights and an opening to the Left. But he was not an effective leader, and rightist forces within the military eventually outmaneuvered him. Ousted from the junta in December 1980, Majano went into exile the following year. In 2001, he sued the Salvadoran government, claiming that the loss of his military salary and retirement fund was a violation of his constitutional rights.

See alsoEl Salvador; Romero, Carlos Humberto.


Tommie Sue Montgomery, Revolution in El Salvador: Origins and Evolution (1982).

Shirley Christian, "El Salvador's Divided Military," in Atlantic Monthly (June 1983): 50-60.

Additional Bibliography

Bosch, Brian J. The Salvadoran Officer Corps and the Final Offensive of 1981. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1999.

Grenier, Yvon. The Emergence of Insurgency in El Salvador: Ideology and Political Will. Basingstoke, U.K.: Macmillan, 1999.

Menjívar Ochoa, Rafael. Tiempos de locura. El Salvador, 1979–1981. San Salvador: FLASCO, 2006.

                                        Stephen Webre

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Majano, Adolfo Arnoldo (1938–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 15 Sep. 2019 <>.

"Majano, Adolfo Arnoldo (1938–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (September 15, 2019).

"Majano, Adolfo Arnoldo (1938–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 15, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.