Jáuregui, Agustín de (?–1784)

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Jáuregui, Agustín de (?–1784)

Agustín de Jáuregui (d. 27 April 1784), viceroy of Peru (1780–1784). Although the date and place of Jáuregui's birth are uncertain, it is known that he was of noble Navarrese descent and served as equerry to Philip V before a period of military service in Cartagena, Cuba, and Honduras in the 1740s.

Following his return to Spain, he began a new period of service in America in 1773, with his appointment as captain-general of Chile, a post from which he was promoted to Lima in 1780 in succession to the disgraced Manuel de Guirior. His period of office was complicated by widespread internal insurgency (notably the rebellion of Túpac Amaru I), the fear of British attack and the high costs of coastal defense occasioned by this fear, and the administrative reorganization that culminated in the introduction of the intendant system in 1784. Replaced as viceroy by Teodoro de Croix on 3 April 1784, Jáuregui died later that month.

See alsoPeru: From the Conquest Through Independence .


Sebastián Lorente, ed., Relaciones de los virreyes que han gobernado el Perú, vol. 3 (1872).

Rubén Vargas Ugarte, Historia del Perú: Virreinato (Siglo XVIII) 1700–1790 (1956), esp. pp. 393-433.

Additional Bibliography

O'Phelan, Scarlett. La gran rebelión en los Andes: De Túpac Amaru a Túpac Catari. Cuzco, Perú: Centro de Estudios Regionales Andinos "Bartolomé de las Casas," 1995.

Robins, Nicholas A. Genocide and Millennialism in Upper Peru: The Great Rebellion of 1780–1782. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

Stavig, Ward. The World of Tupac Amaru: Conflict, Community, and Identity in Colonial Peru. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1999.

                                       John R. Fisher

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