Iturbide, Graciela (1942–)
Iturbide, Graciela (1942–)
Using black and white film as her medium of choice, the Mexican photographer Graciela Iturbide captures images that interpret the daily affairs and rituals of indigenous peoples and the lives of women throughout Mexico. Born in Mexico City on May 16, 1942, Iturbide initially studied filmmaking at the Center for Cinematographic studies of the National Autonomous University from 1969 to 1972 and later trained under Mexican photographer Manuel Álvarez Bravo. Her most renowned body of work, executed in the late 1970s, centers on the matriarchal culture of the Zapotecs of Juchitán, a town near the Isthmus of Tehuantepec on Mexico's southern Pacific coast in the state of Oaxaca.
Among other projects, Iturbide has documented the singular manner in which the Mexican people approach death, and, in East Los Angeles, California, the daily lives of cholos, young Mexican American street gang members. Her recent works include subjects from India and Argentina, as well as the southwestern United States. Although her images are photojournalistic, they are characterized by a level of intimacy and candor not necessarily associated with the documentary tradition. Exhibitions of her work have been mounted internationally, and her photographs are included in the permanent collections of many major museums. Iturbide lives and works in Coyoacán, Mexico.
Ferrer, Elizabeth. "Manos Poderosas: The Photography of Graciela Iturbide." Latin American Literature and Arts 47 (1993): 69-78.
Gili, Marta. Graciela Iturbide. London and New York: Phaidon, 2006.
Hopkinson, Amanda. "Meditated Worlds: Latin American Photography." Bulletin of Latin American Research 20, no. 4 (October 2001): 520-527.
Iturbide, Graciela. Sueños de papel. Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1985.
Iturbide, Graciela, and Elena Poniatowska. Juchitán de las mujeres. Mexico City: Ediciones Toledo, 1989.
Iturbide, Graciela. Images of the Spirit. New York: Aperture, 1996.
Iturbide, Graciela. La forma y la memoria. Monterrey, Mexico: Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, 1996.
Iturbide, Graciela. Pájaros. Santa Fe, NM: Twin Palms Publishers, 2002.
Iturbide, Graciela. Naturata: Graciela Iturbide, 1996–2004. Mexico City: Galería López Quiroga; Paris: Toluca Editions, 2004.
Iturbide, Graciela. Eyes to Fly With. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006.
Martín, Eduardo Vázquez. "Graciela Iturbide: La forma y la memoria." Artes de México 33 (1996): 88-89.
Medina, Cuauhtémoc. Graciela Iturbide. London and New York: Phaidon, 2001.
Snow, K. Mitchell. "Lens of Ritual and Revelation." Américas 51, no. 1 (January-February 1999): 22-29.
Charlene van Dijk