Itu, Convention of

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Itu, Convention of

Convention of Itu (18 April 1873), a meeting of the newly formed Paulista Republican Party in the São Paulo town of Itu to discuss the future of republicanism in that province. The convention was attended by 133 individuals, 76 of whom were planters. The Paulista Republicans, having attracted more wealthy planters than had Republican parties elsewhere in Brazil, staunchly supported slavery and resented the relative exclusion of São Paulo planters from politics at the national level. The party thus favored a federalist republic but opposed the abolition of slavery. During the last years of the empire, Republicans gained their greatest strength in the province of São Paulo, where they came to control 25 percent of the electorate.

See alsoBrazil, Political Parties: Republican Party (PR) .


Heitor Lyra, História da queda do império, 2 vols. (1964), esp. vol. 1, pp. 22-26.

Emilia Viotti Da Costa, The Brazilian Empire (1985), esp. pp. 226-228.

Additional Bibliography

Mendonça, Joseli Maria Nunes. Entre a mão e os anéis: A lei dos sexagenários e os caminhos da abolição no Brasil. Campinas: Editora da UNICAMP: CECULT, 1999.

Nabuco, Joaquim, ed. A abolição e a República. Recife: Editora Universitária UFPE, 1999.

                                        Joan Meznar

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Itu, Convention of

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