Fundo Legal, a minimum endowment of corporate lands for indigenous communities of Latin America from the sixteenth through the nineteenth centuries officially recognized to ensure their survival and viability as sources of agricultural goods and human labor. The sizes of central area pueblos were subject to legal guidelines. In 1567 the area of a fundo was 500 varas (1,375 feet) in each cardinal direction; in 1687, 600 varas from the last house in town; and in 1695, 600 varas from the parish church. Other factors in fundo size were the availability of resources and the density of population. The larger allotment seems to have overlapped with the concept of the Ejido (commons), better known today yet fairly rare in many colonial indigenous towns, at least in central New Spain.
The legal endowment (not given the name fundo legal until the late eighteenth century) is best studied in Mexico. Stephanie Wood critiques old assumptions about the allotment in "The Fundo Legal or Lands Por Razón de Pueblo: New Evidence from Central New Spain," in The Indian Community of Colonial Mexico, edited by Arij Ouwensel and Simon Miller (1990).
Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, and Miguel León Portilla, Ordenazas de tema indígena en castellano y náhuatl (2003).
"Fundo Legal." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fundo-legal
"Fundo Legal." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fundo-legal
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.