EXISTENTIAL SENTENCE. A SENTENCE stating that something exists, usually consisting of there, the verb be, and an indefinite noun phrase: There's a tavern in the town. There must be somebody we can ask. Where more information follows (as in There was an old woman who lived in a shoe, who had … ), there can be dispensed with (An old woman lived in a shoe, who had … ). When there is used like this, as a prop subject, the newness of the information in the sentence is emphasized. That there is subject-like is shown by its use in question tags: There's no problem, is there? Existential there-sentences can also occur with some other verbs: There came a big spider, and sat down beside her; There then began a time of great fear. See GRAMMAR.
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Sentence , SENTENCE The largest structural unit normally treated in GRAMMAR. The sentence is notoriously difficult to define; numerous definitions have been off… complex sentence , COMPLEX SENTENCE. A SENTENCE consisting of one main CLAUSE in which are embedded one or more subordinate clauses: I know where she lives, in which wh… Clause , CLAUSE CLAUSE. In grammatical description, a SENTENCE or sentence-like construction included within another sentence, such as because I wanted to in… compound sentence , COMPOUND SENTENCE. A SENTENCE consisting of two or more main CLAUSES. The clauses may be linked by a coordinating conjunction: and in The power faile… Probation , A sentence whereby a convict is released from confinement but is still under court supervision; a testing or a trial period. Probation can be given i… EXCLAMATION , EXCLAMATION. 1. A cry; a sudden loud or emphatic utterance: Hey! Ouch! 2. A SENTENCE that conveys a strong emotion: Please leave me alone! 3. Also ex…
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