Skip to main content

Estrada, Juan José (1865–1947)

Estrada, Juan José (1865–1947)

Juan José Estrada (b. 1865; d. 1947), provisional president of Nicaragua (29 August 1910–9 May 1911). Estrada, governor of the Caribbean department of Mosquitia, launched an uprising against President José Santos Zelaya, whose government fell in 1909. He continued the revolt against Zelaya's successor, José Madriz, and in 1910 established a provisional government at Bluefields, where he received assistance from U.S. marines. Madriz turned over power to Estrada's brother, José Dolores Estrada, on 20 August 1910, and Juan José Estrada formally became provisional president on 29 August. A new Constituent Assembly unanimously elected him for a two-year term on 31 December 1910, but the real power rested with General Luis Mena, who commanded the military. Under pressure, Estrada resigned on 9 May 1911, turning power over to his vice president, Adolfo Díaz.

See alsoDiaz, Adolfo; Estrada, José Dolores; Nationalism.


José Joaquín Morales, De la historia de Nicaragua de 1889–1913 (1963).

Charles E. Frazier, The Dawn of Nationalism and Its Consequences in Nicaragua (1972).

Additional Bibliography

Arellano, Jorge Eduardo. La Pax americana en Nicaragua: (1910–1932). Managua: Academia de Geografía e Historia de Nicaragua: Fondo Editorial CIRA, 2004.

Selser, Gregorio. La restauración conservadora y la gesta de Benjamín Zeledón: Nicaragua-USA, 1909–1916. Managua: Aldilà Editor, 2001.

                                Ralph Lee Woodward Jr.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Estrada, Juan José (1865–1947)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 18 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Estrada, Juan José (1865–1947)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (March 18, 2019).

"Estrada, Juan José (1865–1947)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved March 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.