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Centromín, state-owned Peruvian mining company. After prolonged and sometimes acrimonious negotiations from 1971 to 1973 between the Cerro De Pasco Corporation and the Peruvian State for the purchase of the company, the government of Juan Velasco Alvarado finally nationalized it, as well as its huge copper mining complex in the central highlands. Cerro was one of the oldest foreign companies operating in Peru and long a nationalist target; its takeover set off a country-wide celebration in December 1973. The nationalized company became Centromín-Perú, a branch of Minero-Perú, which comprised all state mining operations.

See alsoCerro de Pasco Corporation; Mining: Modern; Velasco Alvarado, Juan.


Additional Bibliography

Abeyta, Loring. Resistance at Cerro De Pasco Indigenous Moral Economy and the Structure of Social Movements in Peru. Ph.d. diss., University of Denver, 2005.

Alarcón Aliaga, Carlos. Catástrofe ecológica en la Sierra Central del Perú: Incidencia de la actividad minero-metalúrgica en el medio ambiente. Lima: IPEMIN, 1994.

                                         Peter F. KlarÉn