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Carranza Fernández, Eduardo (1913–1985)

Carranza Fernández, Eduardo (1913–1985)

Eduardo Carranza Fernández (b. 23 July 1913; d. 13 February 1985), Colombian poet, born in Apiay. Carranza started to achieve recognition in 1934 through the publication of his poetry and his collaboration on the journal Revista de las Indias. His first sonnets, written between 1937 and 1944 and collected in Azul de ti (1947), made him famous. Carranza was an important member of the Piedra y Cielo group, influenced by the poetry of Juan Ramón Jiménez and, to a lesser extent, Pablo Neruda. The works of Jiménez, Rafael Alberti, and Gerardo Diego were the models for Carranza's poetry, which is metaphorical, musical, and reminiscent of traditional Spanish styles. In the early 1940s his aesthetic confronted the modernist poet Guillermo Valencia, who was then the model of Colombian poets. While Valencia cultivates the perfection of the meter and shows preference for exotic landscapes, Carranza prefers intimate and vernacular landscapes. Carranza's work is also marked by a purity of language and faithfulness to love, Catholicism, and country, and is untouched by Colombia's political violence of the 1950s and 1960s. In the 1940s and 1950s, his poetry circulated widely in Spain and Chile, countries in which he traveled and resided because of his work in the Colombian diplomatic service. Other collections of his poetry are Los pasos cantados (1975), Los días que ahora son sueños (1973), and Veinte poemas (1980).

See alsoLiterature: Spanish America .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Gloria Serpa De De Francisco, Gran reportaje a Eduardo Carranza (1978).

Teresa Rozo De Moorhouse, La evolución del hablante lírico en Eduardo Carranza (1985).

Giovanni Quessep, Eduardo Carranza (1990).

Additional Bibliography

Carranza, Eduardo. Antología poética. Bogotá: Ediciones Brevedad, 2000.

                              Juan Carlos Galeano

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