Skip to main content

Bravo, Claudio (1936–)

Bravo, Claudio (1936–)

Claudio Bravo (b. 8 November 1936), Chilean artist. A virtuoso of realism in painting, drawing, and lithography, Bravo was born in Valparaíso into a wealthy family. He attended Miguel Venegas Cienfuentes's art school from 1947 to 1948. In 1961, he moved to Spain, where he earned his living painting realistic portraits of the Spanish aristocracy. In the mid-1960s, he turned to trompe l'oeil paintings of isolated objects, such as motorcycle paraphernalia, clothing, folded and crumpled pieces of papers, wrapped canvases (Homage to St. Teresa, 1969; oil on canvas), and packages (Blue Package, 1971). His emphasis on texture, angled lighting, and narrow foreground planes derived from his studies of Francisco de Zurbarán's bodegones. Bravo replaced the Spanish master's empty backgrounds with skyscapes and white walls. The realism of Bravo's painting contrasts with his avoidance of all contextual references. His rendering of commonplace objects, biblical themes, and kneeling figures in undefined places or empty space has been interpreted as a surrealist trait. In 1972 Bravo moved to Tangier, Morocco. In 1981, he had his first show with the Marlborough Gallery in New York, which still represented him as of 2007. In 1994, he had his first show at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in Santiago, Chile. As of 2007, he split his time between Chile and Tangier.

See alsoArt: The Twentieth Century .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

William Dyckes, "The New Spanish Realists," in Art International: The Lugano Review 17 (September 1973): 29-33, 45.

Edward J. Sullivan, Claudio Bravo (1985).

Additional Bibliography

Bowles, Paul, Francisco Calvo Serraller, and Edward J. Sullivan. Claudio Bravo: Paintings and Drawings (1964–2004). New York: Rizzoli; Madrid, Lerner & Lerner, 2005.

Bravo, Claudio and Edward J. Sullivan. Claudio Bravo: Painter and Draftsman. Madison: Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1987.

Colle, Marie-Pierre. Latin American Artists in Their Studios. New York: Vendome Press, 1994.

                                             Marta Garsd

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bravo, Claudio (1936–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Bravo, Claudio (1936–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bravo-claudio-1936

"Bravo, Claudio (1936–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bravo-claudio-1936

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.