Brawne, Michael 1925-2003
BRAWNE, Michael 1925-2003
See index for CA sketch: Born May 5, 1925, in Vienna, Austria; died of cancer July 28, 2003, in Bath, England. Architect, educator, and author. Through his books, teaching, organization of exhibitions, and his own architectural projects, Brawne was a highly influential architect who made a mark on an entire generation of British architects. The son of an Austrian artist and a Croatian musician, he spent his early years speaking German, Croatian, and some Czech, a fact many of his colleagues were unaware of, given his excellent command of the English language. With the rise of the Nazi regime, his parents arranged for Brawne to be taken to England. During World War II his father, a Jew, was killed in a concentration camp; his mother, however, survived and joined her son following the war. Brawne attended the University of Edinburgh before enlisting in the British Royal Air Force (RAF) in 1943, receiving training in meteorology. When the war ended he remained in the military a while longer and was posted to Egypt, where he became familiar with the artifacts of that ancient land. He left the RAF in 1947, became a British citizen, and studied at the Architectural Association; he then traveled to the United States to attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he earned him master's degree in architecture in 1954. (Years later, in 1977, he earned a second master's degree from Cambridge University.) During the 1950s Brawne was employed at various architectural firms in San Francisco and London, and founded his own company, Michael Brawne & Associates, in 1963. Interested in the ways architecture can best serve society's needs, he primarily involved himself in designing public buildings, such as libraries, museums, and university structures. During the 1960s and 1970s he was also responsible for organizing exhibitions at such locations as the Tate Gallery, the Hayward Gallery, and the Royal Academy. Brawne was also highly regarded as a university lecturer; he taught at Cambridge University from 1964 to 1978, and at Bath University from 1978 until his retirement as professor emeritus in 1990. Among his many influential architecture books are The New Museum: Architecture and Display (1965), The Museum Interior: Temporary and Permanent Display Techniques (1982), From Idea to Building: Issues in Architecture (1992), and Architectural Thought: The Design Process and the Expectant Eye, the last published posthumously.
OBITUARIES AND OTHER SOURCES:
Contemporary Architects, third edition, St. James Press (Detroit, MI), 1994.
Writers Directory, 18th edition, Gale (Detroit, MI), 2003.
Guardian (London, England), August 22, 2003. Independent (London, England), August 16, 2003, p. 20.
"Brawne, Michael 1925-2003." Contemporary Authors. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/brawne-michael-1925-2003
"Brawne, Michael 1925-2003." Contemporary Authors. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/brawne-michael-1925-2003
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.