Bogotá Conference (1948)
Bogotá Conference (1948)
The Ninth International Conference of American States was held in Bogotá on 30 March 1948. Delegates from twenty-one American republics were in attendance at the Bogotá Conference, including U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall. The major achievement of the conference was the adoption of the charter of the Organization of American States, which created a formal structure for the hitherto loosely organized Inter-American System. The delegates also approved a resolution condemning "international communism or any other totalitarian doctrine." In addition, they adopted a treaty on pacific settlement (Pact of Bogotá), which consolidated into a single instrument existing agreements on the prevention of war, but it was never ratified.
Latin American delegates at the conference hoped that the United States would commit itself to greater economic assistance for the region, but U.S. officials gave greater priority to postwar European recovery and stressed the role of private capital in stimulating economic development. The conference was interrupted by the Bogotazo on 9 April but resumed its deliberations on 14 April.
J. Lloyd Mecham, The United States and Inter-American Security, 1889–1960 (1961), esp. pp. 301-317.
Shaw, Carolyn M. Cooperation, Conflict, and Consensus in the Organization of American States. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Vázquez García, Humberto. De Chapultepec a la OEA: Apogeo y crisis del panamericanismo. La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 2001.
"Bogotá Conference (1948)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 9, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bogota-conference-1948
"Bogotá Conference (1948)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved April 09, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bogota-conference-1948
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.