Acordada, Revolt of
Acordada, Revolt of
Revolt of Acordada, an insurgency following the Mexican election of 1828. After a heated campaign in which the function of the church, the status of Spaniards, mass politics, and secret societies played an important role, the moderate Yorkino (York Rite Mason) Manuel Gómez Pedraza won the presidential election of 1828. But on the night of 30 November, several hundred officers and men barricaded themselves in the building of the Acordada in Mexico City, demanding that the elections be annulled and all Spaniards expelled from the country. Fighting between government forces and the rebels erupted on 2 December. The following day the defeated presidential candidate General Vicente Guerrero joined the insurgents. On 4 December, presidentelect Gómez Pedraza resigned and fled the country rather than precipitate a bloody civil war. Nevertheless, mass demonstrations continued in the capital, ultimately resulting in a riot that destroyed the Parián, the city's principal market.
Romeo R. Flores Caballero, Counterrevolution: The Role of the Spaniards in the Independence of Mexico, 1804–38, translated by Jaime E. Rodríguez O. (1974), esp. pp. 116-120.
Michael P. Costeloe, La Primera República Federal de México, 1824–1835 (1975), esp. pp. 198-206.
Lorenzo De Zavala, Ensayo histórico de las revoluciones de México desde 1808–hasta 1830, vol. 2 (1985), esp. pp. 77-111.
Hale, Charles C. The Transformation of Liberalism in Late Nineteenth-Century Mexico. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.
Rodríguez O, Jaime E., ed. The Divine Charter: Constitutionalism and Liberalism in Nineteenth-Century Mexico. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.
Thomson, Guy P.C. Patriotism, Politics, and Popular Liberalism in Nineteenth-Century Mexico: Juan Francisco Lucas and the Puebla Sierra. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1999.
Wasserman, Mark. Everyday Life and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Mexico: Men, Women, and War. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2000.
Jaime E. RodrÍguez O.