Fourth Century b.c.e.
Architect and sculptor
Divinities. Scopas was an architect and sculptor from Paros who worked mostly in marble. Famous for his statues of divinities, he sculpted Aphrodite and a personification of Longing (Pothos) for her shrine at Samothrace and again for her temple at Megara, where he also made an image of Erôs and a personification of Desire (Himeros). Pliny tells us his most renowned works were sculptures in a temple of Poseidon, later brought to Rome, which featured the god, Thetis, Achilles, dolphins, and minor sea dieties. He made a colossal, seated Ares, which was later moved to the Circus Maximus, as was another Aphrodite sculpted by him which Pliny considered superior to Praxiteles’ version. Images of Apollo Smintheus (the mouse-god), Artemis, and Athena were also among his well-known works commissioned for areas as far apart as Asia Minor and Thebes. He worked on column drums for the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, and the sculptures on the east side of the Mausoleum along with other leading sculptors of his day. His new design for the Doric temple of Athena at Tegea in Arcadia, after the original burned down in 395, was considered by Pausanias to be the best Peloponnesian temple. Its interior combined Ionic and Corinthian orders and the external colonnade was Doric; its front pedimental sculptures depicted the Calydonian Boar Hunt, while the fight between Achilles and Telephus was on the rear pediment. Fragments of these that have been found are generally thought to reflect his emotive style, if not coming from his own hand. It is also possible that certain frescoes from the fourth century, such as those found at the royal tomb at Vergina, reflect something of his sculptural style. Scopas produced a maenad which was famous in antiquity for its expressive energy and liveliness; a statue of a raving maenad in Dresden is often taken to be a copy, or at least derived from Scopas’s original.
Franciscus Junius, The Literature of Classical Art, 2 volumes, edited and translated by Keith Aldrich, Philipp Fehl, and Raina Fehl (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).
"Scopas." World Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/scopas
"Scopas." World Eras. . Retrieved November 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/scopas
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.