Gore, Sir St. George (1811-1878)
Sir St. George Gore (1811-1878)
Sportsman. Sir St. George Gore was a wealthy Irish nobleman, baronet of Gore Manor in County Donegal. He loved hunting and fishing, and in the 1850s he decided to visit the American West. His expedition lasted nearly three years, from 1854 to 1857, taking him to Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, and the Dakotas, and cost some $500,000. The exact number of animals killed by Gore for sport is unknown. He himself claimed to have killed 2,000 buffalo, 1,600 deer and elk, and 105 bears.
Expedition. As a member of the aristocracy, Gore saw no need to rough it in the wilderness. His chief guide was the famous mountain man Jim Bridger, and his company included twenty-seven vehicles, more than one hundred horses, eighteen oxen, and three cows. Gore also had a wagon loaded with weapons, including pistols, shotguns, and about seventy-five rifles. He had a “large striped green and white linen tent,” a brass bedstead, a rug, and a portable table. Gore hired at least forty men for a variety of jobs, including cooking, hunting, and tending greyhounds and staghounds.
Difficulties. Gore and his expedition traveled through lands held by various Indian tribes, some of whom resented the slaughter of animals in their lands. At one point a band of Piegans stole twenty-one horses, and in another incident Blood Indians tried to capture more horses. On the other hand, the company traded peacefully with a band of Crows, acquiring fresh horses from them. Officials of the United States also found Gore’s hunting excessive. Superintendent of Indian Affairs Alfred Cumming protested that Gore was killing game that the Indians needed to survive. Another observer, M. C. Meiggs, wrote to the secretary of the interior to complain. Observing that Gore had killed thousands of buffalo, he commented, “We punish an Indian for killing a settler’s cow for food…. How can such destruction of their game be permitted by their friends in the Government of the United States?” The government, however, took no action against Gore, who returned to Ireland in 1857.
Clark C. Spence, “A Celtic Nimrod in the Old West,” Montana, 9 (April 1959): 56–66.
"Gore, Sir St. George (1811-1878)." American Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/gore-sir-st-george-1811-1878
"Gore, Sir St. George (1811-1878)." American Eras. . Retrieved November 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/gore-sir-st-george-1811-1878
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.