Pennypacker and the unit participated in the Siege of Fort Wagner at Charleston, and subsequently in actions at Swift Creek, Drewry's Bluff, Chester Station, and Green Plains, where Pennypacker, appointed a lieutenant colonel in April 1864 at age nineteen, was wounded three times. In August 1864, he was appointed colonel in command of the regiment, and the following month was given a brigade, which he led in operations around Petersburg and Richmond. He was wounded again in an assault on Fort Gilmer.
On 15 January 1865, in the Union attack on Fort Fisher near Wilmington, North Carolina, Pennypacker led the first troops in a charge over the parapet and personally planted the flag of the 97th Pennsylvania Volunteers on the wall. At that moment, he was hit in the side by a bullet and severely wounded. The colonel was caught by Sgt. Jeptha Clark (great‐great‐grandfather of editor in chief John W. Chambers). Hospitalized for ten months, Pennypacker was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery in capturing the fort. In June 1865, the twenty‐year‐old colonel was promoted to brigadier general, becoming the youngest general in the Union army. After the war, Pennypacker served in the South and then the West as a colonel of infantry in the U.S. Army until his retirement in 1883 at thirty‐nine.
[See also Civil War: Military and Diplomatic Course.]
Isaiah Price , History of the Ninety‐seventh Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment, 1875.
Patricia L. Faust, ed., Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War, 1986.
Rod Gragg , Confederate Goliath: The Battle of Fort Fisher, 1991.
John Whiteclay Chambers II
"Pennypacker, Galusha." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pennypacker-galusha
"Pennypacker, Galusha." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved March 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pennypacker-galusha
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.