Pearl Harbor National Monument
In 1958, Congress authorized the commission to raise private funds for a memorial, which was completed four years later. Designed by Alfred Preis, it consists of a 180‐foot modernistic building that straddles part of the exposed hull of the Arizona.
During the Cold War, U.S. leaders used the Arizona memorial to emphasize military preparedness and the need to guard against a similar surprise attack. Controversy remained, however, over how to interpret Japanese responsibility for the war, as well as tension over whether the memorial would encourage continued animosity between the United States and Japan. In 1991, on the fiftieth anniversary of the Pearl Harbor attack, President George Bush, himself a naval veteran of the Pacific War, delivered a major address at the memorial urging support for American military preparedness but also stressing the need for friendly relations between the two countries.
[See also Battlefields, Encampments, and Forts as Public Sites; Commemoration and Public Ritual.]
Edward Tabor Linenthal , Sacred Ground: Americans and Their Battlefields, 1991.
G. Kurt Piehler , Remembering War the American Way, 1995.
G. Kurt Piehler
"Pearl Harbor National Monument." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pearl-harbor-national-monument
"Pearl Harbor National Monument." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved October 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pearl-harbor-national-monument
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