Neither Maxim nor most military men initially recognized the revolutionary impact the Maxim gun would have on the nature of battle. Although the machine gun would be used with deadly effectiveness by British imperial forces in suppressing colonial insurrections in Africa, few anticipated its extensive use in European warfare beginning in World War I.
Hiram S. Maxim , My Life, 1915.
John Ellis , The Social History of the Machine Gun, 1975.
G. Kurt Piehler
"Maxim, Hiram." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maxim-hiram
"Maxim, Hiram." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved March 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maxim-hiram