Japan, Peace Treaty with
Negotiating in 1951 with PresidentHarry S. Truman's envoy, John Foster Dulles, Yoshida agreed to the U.S. bases in return for American protection, but refused U.S. pressure for Japan itself to rearm. The result was two treaties. A multinational peace treaty, signed in San Francisco 8 September 1951 (with the Communist nations abstaining), was extraordinarily generous, providing for an end to the occupation, recognizing Japan's “full sovereignty,” and mandating no Japanese reparations to its wartime victims. The same day, the United States and Japan signed a bilateral agreement for U.S. troops to remain indefinitely, even allowing their use against domestic disturbances. On 8 February 1952, both parties signed another treaty authorizing the United States to maintain military bases in Japan and Okinawa.
Tensions led to a new U.S.‐Japan security agreement in 1960 providing for more mutual consultation on defense, but many Japanese still feared that Washington's policies might drag Japan into an unwanted war.
[See also Japan, U.S. Military Involvement in; World War II: Military and Diplomatic Course.]
Michael Schaller , The American Occupation of Japan: The Origins of the Cold War in Asia, 1985.
Roger Buckley , U.S.‐Japan Alliance Diplomacy, 1945–1990, 1992.
Michael Barnhart , Japan and the World Since 1868, 1995.
"Japan, Peace Treaty with." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/japan-peace-treaty
"Japan, Peace Treaty with." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved October 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/japan-peace-treaty
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