GERMAN REGIMENT. Early in 1776, Congress decided to raise an eight-company regiment from among the roughly 130,000 people of German birth or descent then living in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. It authorized the regiment on 25 May 1776, to serve for three years or the duration of the war, and on 17 July appointed Nicholas Haussegger, a hatter from Lebanon, Pennsylvania, as colonel. Haussegger had been a captain in the French and Indian War and then the major of the Fourth Pennsylvania Battalion (since 4 January 1776). On 31 December he led ten men on a reconnaissance of Princeton, New Jersey, and surrendered himself and his party to the British. The regiment remained intact after Haussegger's defection. Although forced to retreat under British attack at the Second Battle of Trenton (Assunpink Bridge) on 2 January 1777, it fought well at Princeton (3 January). Congress considered it an "extra" Continental regiment in the reorganization of 1777 (as part of the Maryland Line), and appointed Henry Leonard Philip, baron de Arendt, a veteran of the Prussian service, as its new colonel on 19 March. As a unit of Washington's main army, it was present at Brandywine and was heavily engaged at Germantown. Washington granted de Arendt a leave of absence for health reasons on 18 August 1778; he never reassumed command. The regiment was sent to the Pennsylvania frontier in April 1779, served in Sullivan's expedition against the Iroquois, and remained on the frontier until April 1780. It served with the main army until disbanded on 1 January 1781. German-Americans were also prominent in another German regiment, this one authorized by the Virginia Convention as the Eighth Virginia on 11 January 1776. Raised by John Peter Muhlenberg in the frontier counties of Virginia's Shenandoah Valley between 9 February and 4 April, it was adopted into the Continental army on 25 May 1776. After participating in the defense of Charleston, South Carolina, in June 1776, the unit joined Washington's army for the defense of Philadelphia in the summer of 1777. It was consolidated with the Fourth Virginia on 12 May 1779.
Retzer, Henry J. The German Regiment of Maryland and Pennsylvania in the Continental Army, 1776–1781. Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1991.
Wright, Robert K., Jr. The Continental Army. Washington, D. C.: United States Army Center of Military History, 1983.
revised by Harold E. Selesky
"German Regiment." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/german-regiment
"German Regiment." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved November 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/german-regiment
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.