GANSEVOORT, PETER. (1749–1812). Continental officer. New York. Born in Albany, New York, in 1749, Gansevoort became major of the Second New York Regiment on 30 June 1775 and was with Montgomery's wing of the Canada invasion; he was present at the victory at St. Jean and the defeat at Quebec. On 19 March 1776 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and placed in command of Fort George. He became colonel of the Third New York on 21 November 1776 and subsequently distinguished himself in the defense of Fort Stanwix (or Fort Schuyler) against St. Leger's expedition in June-September 1777. For this he not only received the thanks of Congress but most thoroughly deserved them.
Temporarily in command at Albany in October 1777, Gansevoort returned to Fort Stanwix, which he commanded until November 1778. From there, Washington ordered him on to Schenectady. The following year, Gansevoort conducted a number of small expeditions against pro-British Indians.
He was the commander of the Saratoga garrison from the fall of 1780 into the following year. On 26 March 1781 he was appointed brigadier general of militia and retired from service, being promoted to major general of militia the following year. In the ensuing twenty years he devoted himself to the lumber business in Saratoga County, New York. In 1790 he became sheriff of Albany. In 1802 Jefferson appointed him military agent for the Northern Department, which mostly involved the movement of supplies. On 15 February 1809 he was commissioned brigadier general in the U.S. Army with responsibility for reviewing courts-martial sentences. In 1811 he presided at the court-martial that found General James Wilkinson innocent of treason. He died at home on 2 July 1812.
Gansevoort-Lansing Collection. New York Public Library, New York, N.Y.
revised by Michael Bellesiles
"Gansevoort, Peter." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gansevoort-peter
"Gansevoort, Peter." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved September 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gansevoort-peter
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.