Skip to main content

Carleton, Thomas

Carleton, Thomas

CARLETON, THOMAS. (1735?–1815). British army officer and colonial governor. Thomas Carleton, youngest brother to Sir Guy Carleton, was born in Ireland. He became an ensign in the Twentieth Foot in 1753, lieutenant by 1756, and captain in 1759. He fought in Europe during the Seven Years' War and afterwards toured to watch other armies in action. By November 1775, during the war of American Independence, when he became quartermaster general to his brother Guy in Canada, he had been made a lieutenant colonel in the Nineteenth Foot.

Thomas was wounded at Valcour Island (in Lake Champlain) and led the Indian canoe-borne advance up Lake Champlain in September 1776. He remained in Canada after his brother's departure and became increasingly critical of the British government's handling of the war. In 1782 he was promoted to the rank of colonel and in 1784, after two others had declined it, he was appointed governor of New Brunswick, Ontario. He served there for nineteen years. He was made major general in 1793 and lieutenant general in 1803. He died in England on 2 February 1817.

SEE ALSO Valcour Island.

                            revised by John Oliphant

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Carleton, Thomas." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Carleton, Thomas." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carleton-thomas

"Carleton, Thomas." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved September 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carleton-thomas

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.