CARLEBACH, EZRIEL (1908–1956), Hebrew writer and journalist. Carlebach, who was born in Leipzig, left there at the age of 15 to study at Lithuanian yeshivot and later became a pupil of Rabbi *Kook in Jerusalem. He was secretary of the international Sabbath League and organized its first conference in Berlin in 1929. Carlebach worked on the editorial staff of the Hamburger Israelitisches Familienblatt from 1929; of the Haynt of Warsaw from 1933; and also the Tel Aviv papers Haaretz and Ha-Ẓofeh. His candid reports on the condition of Jews in Soviet Russia (1932) angered the communists, and he was shot and seriously wounded by a fanatic. As a foreign correspondent he traveled widely and was recognized as a brilliant and versatile journalist. He was editor of the Tel Aviv afternoon newspaper Yedi'ot Aḥaronot from 1939 and founder (1948) and editor in chief (1948–56) of its rival Ma'ariv, which became the largest Hebrew newspaper in Israel. Among his published works are: Hodu: Yoman Derakhim ("Indian Diary," 1956); Sefer ha-Demuyyot ("Profiles," 1959); Sefer ha-Ḥurban ("Destruction," 1967); Sefer ha-Tekumah ("Revival," 1967).
G. Kressel, Toledot ha-Ittonut ha-Ivrit be-Ereẓ Yisrael (1964), 191–3; Ma'ariv, Supplement (Feb. 15, 1966); D. Lazar, Rashim be-Yisrael, 2 (1955), 272–8.