Almanza, battle of

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Almanza, battle of, 1707. On 25 April an allied force under the command of Lord Galway and the marquis de Ruvigny, comprising about 15,000 English, Dutch, and Portuguese troops, attacked a Franco-Spanish army under Marshal Berwick that was twice its size near Valencia. Despite initial allied success, a Portuguese defeat on the right flank exposed the English and Dutch, over 3,000 of whom were forced to surrender. The battle marked the effective end of Archduke Charles of Austria's attempts to gain Spain, confirming the Bourbon succession under Philip V in all but Catalonia.

John Pimlott

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