Saint-Mihiel, Campaigns at
SAINT-MIHIEL, CAMPAIGNS AT
SAINT-MIHIEL, CAMPAIGNS AT (12–16 September 1918). After the successful Aisne-Marne offensive on 10 August, the American First Army began gathering along the front between the Moselle River and Verdun Forest in France for a direct blow against the German salient at Saint-Mihiel. Under the command of Gen. John J. Pershing, nine American divisions, numbering 550,000 men, and four French divisions, numbering 70,000 men, faced about 60,000 German soldiers. On 12 September, the First Army advanced five miles into the salient. Just after daylight, 13 September, American divisions from the south and west converged at Vigneulles-les-Hattonchatel, trapping 16,000 Germans. Altogether 443 guns were captured. By 16 September, the salient was entirely obliterated. The Americans suffered 7,000 casualties.
Hallas, James H. Squandered Victory: The American First Army at St. Mihiel. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1995.
Joseph MillsHanson/a. r.
"Saint-Mihiel, Campaigns at." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/saint-mihiel-campaigns
"Saint-Mihiel, Campaigns at." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved December 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/saint-mihiel-campaigns
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.