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Prairie Du Chien, Indian Treaty at

PRAIRIE DU CHIEN, INDIAN TREATY AT

PRAIRIE DU CHIEN, INDIAN TREATY AT. This treaty was signed 19 August 1825 by members of the Dakota (Sioux), Chippewa, Sauk, Fox, Potawatomi, Ho-Chunk (Winnebago), and Iowa nations in an effort to end long-standing conflicts between the Dakotas and the Chippewas and their respective allies. In 1824 a deputation to Washington requested that the federal government help establish new tribal boundaries. During the treaty gathering at Prairie Du Chien, General William Clark of St. Louis and Governor Lewis Cass of Michigan Territory mediated among more than one thousand tribal leaders. The treaty, one of few not to include land cessions, reduced, but did not eliminate, conflict in the region.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Prucha, Francis Paul. American Indian Treaties: The History of a Political Anomaly. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Scanlan, Peter Lawrence. Prairie du Chien: French, British, American. Reprint. Menasha, Wis.: Banta, 1985. The original edition was published in 1937.

Louise PhelpsKellogg/j. h.

See alsoIndian Treaties .

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