Skip to main content

Charleston Harbor, Defense of


CHARLESTON HARBOR, DEFENSE OF. On 1 June 1776, during the American Revolution, a British squadron led by Sir Henry Clinton and Peter Parker anchored off Sullivan's Island, at the entrance to Charleston Harbor, Charleston, S.C. The city of Charleston was defended by six thousand colonial militia, while a much smaller force, led by Colonel William Moultrie, was stationed on the island. On 28 June the British tried to batter down the island fort, only to find that their shots buried themselves in the green palmetto logs of the crude fortification. After the loss of one ship, the British retired and sailed for New York. Thus the Carolinas averted the threatened British invasion of the South.


McCrady, Edward. The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1775–1780. New York: Macmillan, 1901.

Wates, Wylma Anne. "'A Flag Worthy of Your State'." South Carolina Historical Magazine 86: 4 (1985): 320–331.

Hugh T.Lefler/a. r.

See alsoRevolution, American: Military History ; Southern Campaigns .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Charleston Harbor, Defense of." Dictionary of American History. . 21 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Charleston Harbor, Defense of." Dictionary of American History. . (April 21, 2019).

"Charleston Harbor, Defense of." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved April 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.