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shogun

shogun (shō´gŭn´), title of the feudal military administrator who from the 12th cent. to the 19th cent. was, as the emperor's military deputy, the actual ruler of Japan. The title itself, Sei-i-tai Shogun [barbarian-subduing generalissimo], dates back to 794 and originally meant commander of the imperial armies who led the campaigns against the Ainu in N Japan. The shogunate as a military administrative system was established by Yoritomo after 1185 and was known as the Bakufu [literally, army headquarters]. The imperial court at Kyoto continued to exist, but effective power and actual administration were in the hands of the hereditary shoguns. The shogunate was held in turn by the Minamoto family and their successors, with their capital at Kamakura (1192–1333); the Ashikaga, with their capital at Kyoto (1338–1597); and the Tokugawa, with their capital at Yedo (Tokyo) after 1603. The overthrow of the shogun in 1867 brought the Meiji restoration and the beginning of modern Japan. See daimyo.

See J. P. Mass and W. B. Hauer, The Bakufu in Japanese History (1985).

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shogun

sho·gun / ˈshōgən/ • n. a hereditary commander-in-chief in feudal Japan. Because of the military power concentrated in his hands and the consequent weakness of the nominal head of state (the mikado or emperor), the shogun was generally the real ruler of the country until feudalism was abolished in 1867. DERIVATIVES: sho·gun·ate / -gənit; -gəˌnāt/ n.

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shogun

shogun Title of the military ruler of Japan, first conferred upon Yoritomo in 1192. The Minamoto (1192–1333), Ashikaga (1338–1568), and Tokugawa (1603–1868) shogunates in effect ruled feudal Japan, although the Emperor retained ceremonial and religious duties. The Shogunate ended with the Meiji Restoration in 1868.

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shogun

shogun a hereditary commander-in-chief in feudal Japan. Because of the military power concentrated in his hands and the consequent weakness of the nominal head of state (the mikado or emperor), the shogun was generally the real ruler of the country until feudalism was abolished in 1867.

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shogun

shogun hereditary commander-in-chief of the Japanese army. XVII. — Jap. shōgun, for sei-i-tai shōgun ‘barbarian-subduing great general’ (shōgun repr. Chinese chiang chiin ‘lead army’).

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shogun

shogunbegun, bun, done, Donne, dun, fine-spun, forerun, fun, gun, Gunn, hon, Hun, none, nun, one, one-to-one, outdone, outgun, outrun, pun, run, shun, son, spun, stun, sun, ton, tonne, tun, underdone, Verdun, won •honeybun • handgun • flashgun •air gun • sixgun • popgun • shotgun •blowgun, shogun •speargun • scattergun • homespun •endrun • sheep run • grandson •stepson • godson • kiloton • megaton •anyone • everyone • someone

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Shogun

Shogun ★★★½ James Clavell's Shogun 1980

Miniseries chronicling the saga of a shipwrecked English navigator who becomes the first Shogun, or Samurai warrior chief, from the Western world. Colorfully adapted from the James Clavell bestseller. Also released in a twohour version, but this fulllength version is infinitely better. 550m/C VHS, DVD . Richard Chamberlain, Toshiro Mifune, Yoko Shimada, John Rhys-Davies, Damien Thomas, William Morgan Sheppard; D: Jerry London; M: Maurice Jarre; Nar: Orson Welles. TV

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