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Chinese leaders

Chinese leaders

From 1978 to 1997, effective control of China was in the hands of ‘paramount leader’ Deng Xiaoping ( Teng Hsiao-ping), State Vice-Premier and Chief of Staff of the People's Liberation Army. He was succeeded by Jiang Zemin.

Chairman of the Communist Party

1935–76

Mao Zedong ( Mao Tse-tung)

1976–81

Hua Guofeng ( Huo Kuo-feng)

1981–82

Hu Yaobang ( Hu Yao-pang)

General Secretary of the Communist Party

1982–87

Hu Yaobang

1987–89

Zhao Ziyang ( Chao Tzu-yang)

1989– 

Jiang Zemin ( Chiang Tse-min)

President

1949–59

Mao Zedong

1959–68

Liu Shaoqi ( Liu Shao-ch'i)

1968–75

Dong Biwu ( Tung Pi-wu)

1975–76

Zhu De ( Chu Te)

1976–78

Song Qingling ( Sung Ch'ing-ling)

1978–83

Ye Jianying ( Yeh Chien-ying)

1983–88

Li Xiannian ( Li Hsien-nien)

1988–93

Yang Shangkun ( Yang Shang-k'un)

1993–2003

Jiang Zemin

2003– 

Hu Jintao

Prime Minister

1949–76

Zhou Enlai ( Chou En-lai)

1976–80

Hua Guofeng

1980–87

Zhao Ziyang

1987–98

Li Peng ( Li P'eng)

1998–2003

Zhu Rongji

2003– 

Wen Jiabao


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