Bureau of Reclamation
Bureau of Reclamation
The U. S. Bureau of Reclamation was established in 1902 and is part of the U. S. Department of the Interior. It is primarily responsible for the planning and development of dams , power plants , and water transfer projects, such as Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River, the Central Arizona Project, and Hoover Dam on the Colorado River . This latter dam, completed in 1935 between Arizona and Nevada, is the highest arch dam in the Western Hemisphere and is part of the Boulder Canyon Project, the first great multipurpose water development project, providing irrigation , electric power, and flood control. It also created Lake Mead, which is supervised by the National Park Service to manage boating, swimming, and camping facilities on the 115 mi-long (185-km-long) reservoir formed by the dam. The dams on the Colorado River are intended to reduce the impact of the destructive cycle of floods and droughts which makes settlement and farming precarious and to provide electricity and recreational areas; however, the deep canyons and free-flowing rivers with their attendant ecosystems are substantially altered. Along the Columbia River, efforts are made to provide "fish ladders" adjacent to dams to enable salmon and other species to bypass the dams and spawn up river; however, these efforts have not been as successful as desired and many native species are now endangered.
Problems faced by the Bureau relate to creating a balance between its mandate to provide hydropower, water control for irrigation, and by-product recreation areas, and the conflicting need to preserve existing ecosystems. For example, at the Glen Canyon Dam on the Colorado River, controls on water releases are being imposed while studies are completed on the best manner of protecting the environment downstream in the Grand Canyon National Park and the Lake Mead National Recreation Area.
[Malcolm T. Hepworth ]
The United States Government Manual, 1992/93. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1992.
Bureau of Reclamation, 1849 C Street NW, Washington, D.C. USA 20240-0001, <http://www.usbr.gov>
"Bureau of Reclamation." Environmental Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bureau-reclamation
"Bureau of Reclamation." Environmental Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bureau-reclamation
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.